Inspired by her experiences as an engineering student and young professional, Regina Ragan, UCI professor of materials science & engineering and chemical & biomolecular engineering, sought to promote diversity in The Henry Samueli School of Engineering through a partnership with Stacey Nicholas, a UCI Foundation trustee.
An engineer herself (with a masterâ€™s and bachelorâ€™s degree in electrical engineering from UCLA), Nicholas shares Raganâ€™s passion for diversity issues. In 2014, she established the Stacey Nicholas Endowed Chair for Diversity in Engineering Education â€“ which Ragan holds â€“ to encourage the hiring and retention of women and minorities in engineering at UCI.
The chair has allowed Ragan and Nicholas to create support and mentorships that are so critical to success in college and career. For the past four years, Ragan has devised programs linking underrepresented undergraduates with graduate students, faculty and industry professionals. She also counsels graduate students and faculty on the importance of student diversity and confronting implicit biases â€“ which can inhibit the success of minority groups.
â€œIt has never been more important to empower women and students from disadvantaged backgrounds to become the engineers of the future,â€� Nicholas says. â€œEqually important is a commitment to a diverse faculty that brings unique perspectives and can serve as role models for students.â€�
She has built a pipeline for talented, underrepresented students to learn basic engineering concepts by funding UCI programs. In 2014, Nicholas gave $9.5 million to the engineering school; $5 million of that supports the Academic Innovation & Research in Engineering endeavor, which conducts K-12 and community college outreach and promotes interest in STEM subjects through project-based learning.
Retaining women students
But getting students and keeping them are two different things, and the retention of women in her classes has been a challenge for Ragan. She believes the remedy lies in educating others about the implicit biases that females in engineering often face and pioneering programs to counteract those biases while increasing internship and job offers.
â€œItâ€™s shocking that people are so unaware that these problems persist, although usually their lack of awareness isnâ€™t on purpose,â€� says Ragan, whoâ€™s affiliated with the Office of Access & Inclusion within The Henry Samueli School of Engineering and the Donald Bren School of Information & Computer Sciences. â€œMore education will force them to realize how deeply these biases are internalized within our society.â€�
Another key to retention is mentorship. â€œWomen donâ€™t see other women in engineering roles; they mostly see men, so it discourages them. Having underrepresented professionals work with underrepresented students allows them to see themselves in this field despite encountering implicit biases,â€� Ragan says.
She has mentored many students herself over the years, and her efforts have paid off. Mentee Melissa Thone, a graduate student researcher for Ragan, has received grants from the National Science Foundation and last year was awarded a $12,000 UCI Public Impact Distinguished Fellowship for her promising work on cancer treatments.
â€œDr. Ragan helped me create successful funding applications that have pushed my career forward,â€� Thone says. â€œShe helped me feel accepted in higher education â€“ something thatâ€™s not always easy as a woman in engineering â€“ and also helped me shape my future career. Having a female mentor in engineering whoâ€™s always accessible has been really encouraging.â€�
Chloe Groome, another graduate student Ragan took under her wing, now mentors two female undergraduates herself. She says she strives to emulate Ragan both academically and personally.
â€œSheâ€™s so calm; sheâ€™s good at making me feel comfortable contributing ideas, and Iâ€™ve tried to instill that in my mentees. When youâ€™re the only woman in the room, thereâ€™s this pressure to be right, because if youâ€™re wrong, women are wrong. The more of us there are in the room, the more you feel safe to participate,â€� Groome says. â€œWhen you donâ€™t have an example, you can feel all alone and lost. Once you have a female role model, itâ€™s like a chain reaction.â€�